These lists are adapted from the Backyard Homestead Seasonal Planner by Ann Larkin Hansen as well as some of the garden info from Oregon State University.
- Keep Watering
- Sow Fall Crops – Beets, bush beans, carrots, cauliflower, broccoli, lettuce, kale and peas planted in midsummer provide fall and winter crops. Get more tips on what to plant now in Fall and Winter Vegetable Gardening in the Pacific Northwest.
- Test Your Soil
- Mound soil up around the base of your potato plants. Gather and eat a few “new” potatoes from each hill when plants begin to flower.
- To reduce evaporation, water vegetable and flower gardens in the early morning. Water the soil rather than leaves to reduce disease. Water deeply and infrequently to encourage root growth.
- Weed and fertilize rhubarb and asparagus beds. A mulch of compost or rotted cow manure works well as fertilizer. Water deeply to develop crowns for next year.
- Mulch with paper, plastic, sawdust, etc. to conserve soil moisture.
- Stake tall-growing flowering plants such as delphinium, hollyhocks, and lupine. Stake tomatoes as necessary.
- Make compost of lawn clippings and garden plants that are ready to be recycled. Do not use clippings if lawn has been treated with herbicide, including “weed-and-feed” products. Do not compost diseased plants unless you are using the “hot compost” method (120 degrees to 150 degrees F).
- Dig spring bulbs when tops have died down; divide and store or replant.
- Watch for cutworm damage in garden. In July, climbing cutworms become a problem and large portions of foliage will begin to disappear on established plants. Use barriers, remove by hand, use beneficial nematodes when soil temperature is above 55 degrees F, or spray with Bt-k according to label directions.
- Place traps to catch adult apple maggot flies. You can use pheromone traps to monitor presence of pests.
- Cover blueberry bushes with netting to keep birds from eating the entire crop.
- Late July: Begin to monitor for early and late blight on tomatoes. Correct by pruning for air circulation, picking off affected leaves, and/or treat with approved fungicide.
- Monitor for Pests and Diseases
- Test your soil
- Harvest peaches, plums, apricots, sweet & sour cherries, raspberries, and huckleberries
- Begin honey harvest
- Supply hives with more empty supers.
- Butcher meat chickens started in spring (based on our flock of dual purpose breeds, I would do this late summer for optimal size)
- Start chicks now if you intend to butcher chickens in the fall (late fall, early winter for dual purpose breeds)
- Cull infertile or problem animals (I would wait until fall if you can as prices have gone way down at the auctions)
- Start meat animals on grain if desired
- Turn out the Bull, Ram, Buck, etc. (for our flock of sheep we will begin July 28th for lambing beginning Dec 23rd. 147 day average)
- Make sure shade or shelter is available on very hot days
- Slow Down Rotations or add paddocks
- Mow paddocks after grazings to control weeds
- Test your soil
- Keep mower blades sharp
- Clean up haying equipment